The Community Garden at Holy Nativity is an all-organic teaching garden, located on the grounds of Holy Nativity Church in Westchester. Food grown in the garden is donated to the needy, typically via Food Pantry LAX or Westside Food Bank. Organic vegetable gardening classes are offered for the general public.
The garden site includes vegetable plantings, a mini-orchard of dwarf fruit trees, several types of rainwater harvesting, on-site composting, and an adobe-and-cob wood-fired bread-and-pizza oven. The garden is maintained by a diverse team of volunteers who meet each week to tend and harvest.
The Garden has been expanded several times over the years, and now wraps around and between the church buildings. It is located on a public street corner with no gates; it is open to the public at all times of all days.
The garden has inspired many additional food-related activities.
- Current photos of the Garden: #GardenatHN on Instagram
- Archive photos of the Garden: EnviroChangeMakers on Flickr
- Map of the Garden
In late 2007, the Environmental Change-Makers had been meeting at the Holy Nativity site for about two years. In teaching West LA about waste, Joanne had been repeating an odd “mantra”: David Holmgren’s Permaculture Principle “Obtain a Yield.”
Peter Rood returned from a retreat with his church’s leadership circle and announced that Holy Nativity was going to tear up the side lawn and plant a food garden.
The garden groundbreaking was in January 2008, with an interfaith dedication ceremony that spring. By June 2008, we began harvesting, and the weekly harvests continued — virtually unbroken — ever since.
The garden has been expanded, season by season, over time.
- rainwater harvesting
- herb garden of culinary and medicinal plants
- mini-orchard of dwarf fruit trees
- northend garden
- “working flowers” and perennial plants
- the labyrinth (now demolished)
- The Westchester Community Oven
How we Grow
The entire Garden is a high-intensity, high-production garden. Our Garden is located in Southern California, which means we have a year-round growing season; we can (and do) harvest every single week of the year.
Peter’s taste for art and design led to the beds in the main garden having a unique shape and layout. In the main, blue-fenced area of the garden, there are four groupings of growing beds, which we call “patterns.” The shapes of these are a simplified version of what you might find at a French chateau.
The vegetables are grown in-ground (not in raised beds, since those aren’t appropriate for our dry SoCal climate). The wooden frames serve merely to direct foot traffic and keep pedestrians on the pathways. We use biointensive spacing inspired by John Jeavons.
The intensive plant spacing serves several purposes: it squeezes the most productivity out of a relatively small section of land; it spaces plants as close together as possible without hampering their root development or bringing on pests and mildew; it spaces plants such that their mature foliage shades the soil and reduces evaporation, maintaining steady soil moisture levels for the benefit of the soil organisms.
Rich, healthy, alive, organic garden soil is the heart of our garden. We maintain on-site composting of all kitchen and garden waste. This means we have trained the many groups which use the Holy Nativity site (coffee hour, yoga center, girl scouts, Welsh choir, cooking classes, Weight Watchers, Food Forward gleaners) how to use the compost operations.
The key to successful year-round harvesting here is knowing what to plant when. We began with recommendations by DigitalSeed of San Diego, but have modified these over the years with our own experience growing in coastal Los Angeles.
We follow a strict crop rotation, to help keep soil-borne pests and diseases in check, and to assist with soil fertility. After many years of wrestling with climate-inappropriate East Coast and British rotation schemes, we developed our own. Ours is customized for SoCalif’s year-round growing season. We developed a Vegetable Crop Rotation Wheel for use in our garden classes; this planning tool is now available to the general public.
We have made many discoveries about yield, seasonality, urban agriculture, volunteers, and community. We have published several how-to guides about the lessons we have learned in our garden. These include:
- High-Yield Vegetable Gardening (pdf download)
- The Secrets of Soil Building (booklet)
- The Quest for Higher Yields (booklet)
- Water Wisdom for High-Yield Gardens (booklet)
- Food from a Flowerpot (booklet)
- Why We Grow Food (pdf download)
- Your Community Garden: Tips for Success (booklet)
- VegGardens365 Android app
- Vegetable Crop Rotation Wheel (garden planning tool)
Two very visible above-ground rainwater tanks usually capture visitors’ attention. These hold 1,240 gallons of water, collect from one single facet of the campus roofs, and were expensive to install. They have not been trouble-free, and they require ongoing maintenance, something we’re still in the process of figuring out how best to cope with. Additionally, most gardeners are accustomed to city water pressure coming through a hose; with rainwater tanks the experience is vastly different. Thus the big discovery has been: rainwater harvesting causes us to re-think many aspects of our gardening practices.
The swale-and-berm combination in the mini-orchard is visually subtle, yet a highly-functional, low-tech installation. The only cost involved was sweat-labor, a peek at a Permaculture design book, and a good shovel. It has been easy to maintain, with little needed (except when a film crew plowed through it). It does a great job of capturing and infiltrating rainwater and irrigation water, preventing these from being lost via the neighbors’ driveway.
A small, home-style rain barrel, currently installed in the inner courtyard, is effective for collecting water for container plants. More at Joanne’s “In defense of rain barrels” blog post.
Of all our rainwater harvesting techniques, our favorite is the rainwater harvesting garden. Four dwarf citrus trees are watered by the rain that falls on the yoga center roof.